소장자료

Public Health Yearbook 2016 [electronic resource]

  • Merrick, Joav
  • Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • 2017
Public Health Yearbook 2016 [electronic resource]
  • 자료유형
    단행본
  • 서명/저자사항
    Public Health Yearbook 2016[electronic resource] / Joav Merrick.
  • 발행사항
    [New York] : Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2017.
  • 개인저자
    Merrick, Joav
  • 형태사항
    1 online resource.
  • 일반주제명
    Public health
  • ISBN
    9781536109474, 9781536109566
  • 언어
    영어

초록

In this Public Health Yearbook 2016 present you with the epidemiology of arboviruses in Zambia, social work and health inequalities, papers on the risk of HIV/AIDS transmission among adolescents in English speaking Caribbean and many more papers on current public health issues. We bring you paper from the Social Work and Health Inequalities Network (SWHIN) created to combat the causes and consequences of unjust and damaging, socially-produced health inequalities on an international basis. This is accomplished through the sustaining of a global network of social work researchers, educators, practitioners, policy makers, managers, and others working together to promote research, discussion, and action around the world. This global network aims to exchange information and resources (e.g., research evidence, policy statements, systematic reviews of literature, relevant and emerging theories and practice models); collaborate on research and publication; develop and exchange examples of good practice, including good research praxis; develop and exchange ideas on teaching about health inequalities at all curriculum levels; and influence policy making wherever possible. We hope this Yearbook and the research will be of interest to our readers.

목차

Chapter 1
Neighborhoods and public health issues
Introduction
References
section one - Epidemiology of arboviruses in Zambia

Chapter 2
Distribution of arboviruses and their correlates in North-Western and Western provinces of Zambia: A synthesis of papers from a 2013 yellow fever risk assessment survey
Abstract
Introduction
Yellow fever
Dengue
West Nile virus
Zika
Vectors
Methods
Study site
Human seroprevalence study
Study population
Sample size, inclusion/exclusion criteria and sampling
Sample size
Persons aged 5 years or older
Persons under the age of 5 years
Inclusion/exclusion criteria
Sampling
First stage selection
Second stage selection
Study variables
Dependent variables
Independent variables
Laboratory procedure
Interpretation of laboratory results
Data collection and quality control
Data analysis
Ethical considerations in the human seroprevalence study
Socio-mobilisation and community engagement
Mosquitoes study
Sample size and sampling in the mosquito survey
Adult mosquito sampling
Larvae/pupae sampling
Specific entomological activities conducted in the assessment
Investigating viral infection in yellow fever mosquito vectors
Sample treatment, processing and testing for yellow fever mosquito vectors
Questionnaire of indoor residual spraying
Training
Entomologic data management and analysis
Ethical considerations for sampling mosquitoes
Results
Discussion
References

Chapter 3
Prevalence of yellow fever in North-Western province of Zambia
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Study population, sample size and sampling
Data management and analysis
Ethical considerations
Results
Discussion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 4
Travel to Angola associated with dengue IgG seroprevalence in North-Western province of Zambia
Introduction
Methods
Study population, sample size, inclusion/exclusion criteria and sampling
Study variables
Dependent variable
Independent variables
Laboratory procedure
Data management and analysis
Ethical considerations
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 5
Correlates of Zika virus infection specific IgG in North-Western province of Zambia: Results from a population-based cross-sectional study
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Sample size
Sampling
Ethical approval
Data collection
Data management and analysis
Results
Discussion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 6
Is North-Western province of Zambia at risk for West Nile virus infection?
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Study population, sample size, inclusion/exclusion criteria and sampling
Study variables
Dependent variable
Independent variables
Laboratory procedures
Data management and analysis
Ethical considerations
Results
Discussion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 7
Larval habitat distribution: Aedes
mosquito vector for arboviruses and
Culex spps in North-Western and Western provinces of Zambia
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Districts sampled
Training
Mosquito larval sampling
Types and characteristics of containers
Distribution of larval habitats
Mosquito larval rearing
Ethical considerations
Data analysis
Results
Discussion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 8
Risk assessment for Yellow fever in Western province of Zambia
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Study population, sample size and sampling
Data management and analysis
Ethical considerations
Results
Discussion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 9
Dengue fever and factors associated with it in Western provinces of Zambia
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Study population, sample size, inclusion/exclusion criteria and sampling
Study variables
Dependent variable
Independent variables
Laboratory procedure
Data management and analysis
Ethical considerations
Results
Discussion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 10
Distribution of Zika virus infection specific IgG in Western province of Zambia: A population-based study
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Sample sizes
Sampling
Ethical approval
Data collection
Data management and analysis
Results
Discussion
References

Chapter 11
West Nile virus infection in Western province of Zambia: Assessing the contributing factors
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Study population, Sample size, inclusion/exclusion criteria and sampling
Study variables
Dependent variable
Independent variables
Laboratory procedures
Data management and analysis
Ethical considerations
Results
Discussion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 12
First record of an Aedes species mosquito in North-Western province of Zambia? Observation during a yellow fever risk assessment survey
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Mosquito sampling
Mosquito larval rearing
Shipment, viral tests and vector species identification
Ethical considerations
Results
Discussion
References
Section two - Social work and health inequalities

Chapter 13
Federal financing for the Brazilian mental health policy
Abstract
Introduction
Brazilian mental health policy
Mental health care funds after the Pact for Health in 2007-2009
Conclusion
References

Chapter 14
Nuestra Casa: An advocacy initiative to reduce inequalities and tuberculosis along the US-Mexico border
Abstract
Introduction
A semi-permeable membrane
El Paso, Texas - Ciudad Juarez border metropolis
The case of tuberculosis
Nuestra casa
Phase 1: Cross-border cooperation and innovation in TB awareness
Phase 2: Returning Nuestra Casa to the university: The initiative
The legacy and continuing impacts of the NCI
Implications for social work
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 15
Understanding sexual minority women and obesity using a social justice lens: A qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis (QIMS)
Abstract
Introduction
Literature review
Statement of purpose
Methods
Instrumentation
First author
Second author
Third author
Sampling process
Data extraction
Translation: Path to synergistic understanding
Results
Theme 1: Expectations
Theme 2: Culture
Theme 3: Interventions
Theme 4: Health
ide Level Discussion
Limitations
Conclusion
References

Chapter 16
Risk and protective factors related to the wellness of American Indian and Alaska Native youth: A systematic review
Abstract
Introduction
Resilience among AI/AN youth
Culturally specific risk and protective factors
Methods
Results
Societal factors
Cultural factors
Ethnic identity
Spirituality
Connectedness
Community factors
Community environment
School environment
Peer influence
Social support
Familial factors
Family income
Parental mental health
Family trauma and stressful life events
Individual factors
Discussion
Implications for treatment
References

Chapter 17
Asian American health inequities: An exploration of cultural and language incongruity and discrimination in accessing and utilizing the healthcare system
Abstract
Introduction
Asian Americans and health
Impediments to health care access and utilization
Culture
Language
Discrimination
Discussion
Acknowledgment
References

Chapter 18
Keep them so you can teach them: Alternatives to exclusionary discipline
Abstract
Introduction
Exclusionary discipline is used inappropriately
Exclusionary discipline is administered in a biased way
Exclusionary discipline is not effective
Exclusionary discipline is associated with negative impacts for students
Methods
Results
Restorative justice (a reactive approach)
A proactive approach
Peer mediation (a supplemental, student-driven approach)
Discussion
Implications for social work practice
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 19
Bandage It or Write It: Experiences with Health Inequalities of Hospital Social Workers in Turkey
Abstract
Introduction
Health inequalities in Turkey
Health care transformation in Turkey
Social work and health care
Objectives
Methods
Participants
Procedures
Measures: Semi-structured interview
Results
Health inequalities: “The fact of my country!”
Social worker conflict: Bandage it or write it!
Discussion
Conclusion
Appendix 1. Major themes and implications for social work practice
Appendix 2. Interview guide
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 20
Mexican adolescents’ intentions to use drugs: Gender differences in the protective effects of religiosity
Abstract
Introduction
Ecodevelopmental theory
Religiosity as a protective factor
Religion, gender roles, and culture
Gender norms and risk behaviors
Current study
Methods
Survey administration
Measures
Analysis strategy
Results
Discussion
Limitations
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 21
Perceptions and attitudes about
childhood obesity among adults in the lower Rio Grande Valley
Abstract
Introduction
Causes of obesity
Childhood obesity
Methods
Findings
Lifestyle factors
Cultural factors
Genetic factors
Climate
Safe recreational areas
Socio-economic factors
Portion size
Discussion
Limitations
Next steps
Conclusion
Acknowledgment
References

Chapter 22
Impact of emergency referrals to primary care on health care use and costs
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Population and sampling
Human subjects protections
Total sample demographics
Patient group demographics
Instrumentation and procedures
ER data collection
PC data collection
Data analysis
Analyzing costs
Total costs
Charges to patients
Uncompensated care
Results
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Total costs
PC clinic costs
Pre-referral and post-referral cost comparisons
Patient charges
Uncompensated care
Discussion
Extrapolations
Projected cost savings of the PC clinic
Implications for practice and policy
Limitations
Implications for further research
Acknowledgments
References
Section three - Adolescents in English speaking Caribbean

Chapter 23
Pan American Health Organization approves nine-year regional strategy and plan of action to reduce the vulnerabilities of Caribbean adolescents and youth
School of Arts and Sciences, University of St George’s, Grenada, West Indies
Abstract
Introduction
Adolescents and young people neglected in HIV and AIDS response
Vulnerabilities of Caribbean adolescents and young people
The way forward
PAHOs strategic areas of action
Conclusion
References

Chapter 24
Human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer health system preparedness in Saint Lucia: A policy brief
Abstract
Introduction
Who is affected and how?
Analysis of data
Distribution in the population and risk factors
How it is related to the functioning utilization of services and cost of providing care
Public health significance of the issue
Population affected
Policy Interventions
Policy 1 –Vaccination
Implementation
Policy 2 – Education and Screening
Implementation
References

Chapter 25
Sexual and reproductive health education: A case for inclusion in the curriculum of primary schools in the Caribbean
St George’s University, School of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, St George, Grenada, West Indies
Abstract
Introduction
Background
SRH knowledge, attitudes and behavior among youth
SRH education in the Caribbean
Justification for SRH education in Caribbean primary schools
SRH education curriculum for primary schools
Curriculum development
Curriculum content
Curriculum implementation
Discussion
Limitations
Conclusion
References

Chapter 26
“Horning” and the emergence of female empowerment: Translation of gendered sex practices
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Discussion
References

Chapter 27
Violence among adolescents in 13 Caribbean Islands
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Discussion
References

Chapter 28
Socio-cultural factors influence vulnerability to HIV infection: An outreach to men who have sex with men (MSM)
in Grenada
1School of Medicine, St George’s University, Grenada, West Indies
2Turnaround Achievement Network, Tampa, Florida, US
3School of Public Health, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, US
4Nova Southeastern University, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Center for Interprofessional Education and Practice and the Master of Public Health Program, Ft Lauderdale, Florida, US
Abstract
Introduction
HIV/AIDS stigma
Homosexuality and men who have sex with men in
the Caribbean
HIV in the English-speaking Caribbean
The Grenadian context
Methods
Study procedures
Survey measures
Data analysis
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
Strengths and limitations
References

Chapter 29
Child sexual abuse in Saint Lucia
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
Recommendations
References

Chapter 30
The threat of HIV and hepatitis C transmission among Grenadian adolescents from injection drug use
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
References

Chapter 31
Provision of tuberculosis services in public facilities to HIV/AIDS infected clients in the Eastern Caribbean
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Data collection protocol
Data collection questionnaires
Statistical analyses
Results and discussion
Availability of services
Supportive management
Tuberculosis services and service-related conditions
Tuberculosis treatment and/or follow-up using DOTS
Resources and supplies for diagnosing TB
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 32
The influence of family structure on sexual health behavior in Saint Lucia youth
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Study population
Data collection and analysis
Results
Sexual practices and behaviour
Factors predicting risky sexual behavioural patterns
Risky sexual behaviours
Multiple sexual partner relationships (2+)
Inconsistent condom use
Discussion
Limitations and strengths of the study
Conclusion
References

Chapter 33
Correlation between self-efficacy in sexual negotiation and engagement in risky sexual behaviors: Pilot study of adolescents attending a secondary school
in Grenada, West Indies
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Study design
Sample
Data analysis
Results
Discussion
Limitations of study
Conclusion
References
Chapter 34
Risky sexual behaviors and marijuana use among Grenadian adolescents
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Data analysis
Results
Analysis of current Grenadian policies
Grenadian secondary school’s drug policies
Sexual health policy in Grenadian secondary schools
Sexual health policies within the Ministry of Health
Grenada’s Planned Parenthood Association (GPPA) sexual health policy
Discussion
Policy recommendations
Conclusion
References
Section four - Public health issues

Chapter 35
Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in the United States
Abstract
Introduction
Epidemiology
The history of Universal Newborn Hearing Screens (UNHS) in the United States
Cost benefit
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 36
Public health aspects of suicide in children and adolescents
Abstract
Introduction
Epidemiology
Global suicide rates
Suicide in young children
Risk factors
Psychopathology
Previous suicide behaviors
Sexual orientation
Familial factors
Access to lethal means
Protective factors
Social support
Religion
Prevention
School-based programs
Screening
Skills training
School personnel training (gatekeeper training)
Community-based programs
Healthcare-based programs
Management
Management before self-harm
Management after self-harm
Problem solving
Family therapies
Other therapies
Conclusion
References

Chapter 37
A review of schizophrenia in childhood
Abstract
Introduction
Delusions
Hallucinations
Disorganized speech
Disorganized behavior
egative symptoms
Epidemiology
Etiology
Diagnosis
Differential diagnosis
Substance use disorders (SUD) and drug intoxications
Bipolar disorder
Anxiety disorder
Treatment
Consultations
Psychopharmacology
Atypical antipsychotics
Typical antipsychotics
Depot injections of medication
Psychosocial interventions
Conclusion
References

Chapter 38
Childhood and adolescence: Perspectives on personality disorders
Abstract
Introduction
Definition
Prevalence rates
Clinical features
Diagnosis
Co-morbidity
Treatment
Conclusion
References

Chapter 39
Public health aspects of substance use and abuse in adolescence
Abstract
Introduction
DSM-5
Energy drinks
Designer drugs
Tobacco
General
Pharmacologic management
Non-nicotine therapy
Marijuana
Alcohol
Alcohol effects
Management of alcohol abuse
Amphetamines
Methamphetamine
Cocaine
Management of cocaine addiction
Opioids
Heroin
Management of opioid addiction
Hallucinogenic drugs
Phencyclidine (PCP)
Lysergic acid diethylamine (LSD)
Tryptamines
MDMA (ecstasy)
“Date rape” drugs
Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol®)
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB)
Gamma-butyro-lactone (GBL)
Ketamine
Inhalants
Barbiturates
Conclusion
References

Chapter 40
From the battered child syndrome to abuse and maltreatment: A public health view
Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, Frances L Loeb Child Protection and Development Center, New York, US
Abstract
Introduction
Epidemiology
Clinical features
Physical abuse
Sexual abuse
Psychological maltreatment
Neglect
Special issues for adolescents
Diagnosis
Treatment, reporting, and court appearance
Training and prevention
Conclusion
References

Chapter 41
Public health aspects of youth sexual offenders
Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker MD School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, Michigan, US
Abstract
Introduction
Definition
Epidemiology
Clinical features
Presentation in the office
Diagnosis
Sexual exploitation versus normal sexual play
Co-morbid disorders
Intervention
Recidivism
Conclusion
References

Chapter 42
Determinants associated with contraceptive use among Chinese young migrants
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Data collection
Data analysis
Results
Sexual behaviors and contraceptive use
Influent factor analysis for contraceptive use
Discussion
Role and relationship of individual and social factors with contraception use
Conclusion
Acknowledgments
References

Chapter 43
Territorial distribution of medical diagnostic laboratories in outpatient care in Varna Region, Bulgaria
Abstract
Introduction
Methods
Results and discussion
Conclusion
References
Section five – Acknowledgments

Chapter 44
About the editor

Chapter 45
About the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Israel
Mission
Service and academic activities
Research activities
National collaborations
International collaborations
Targets
Contact
Section Six – Index
Index