E-Book

Neutrophil : methods and protocols [electronic resource]

  • Quinn, Mark T. , DeLeo, Frank R.
  • Humana Press
  • 2020
Neutrophil : methods and protocols [electronic resource]

Abstract

Neutrophils, the most abundant white cells in humans, serve as the primary cellular defense against infection. This volume provides a concise set of protocols for assessing basic neutrophil functions and investigating specialized areas in neutrophil biology. Each of the protocols is written by leading researchers in the field and includes hints for success, as well as guidance for troubleshooting. In the third edition of Neutrophil: Methods and Protocols, chapters retained from previous editions have been updated and include many new approaches. In addition, this third edition contains a number of new chapters that were not included in the first or second editions. Part I contains overviews of neutrophil biology, function, and disorders. Part II describes commonly used methods to isolate neutrophils from humans and other animal species. Part III details methods for investigating chemotaxis, transmigration, phagocytosis, and bactericidal activity. Part IV includes protocols that measure neutrophil apoptosis, calcium signal transduction, degranulation and detection of cytoplasmic granules, gene expression, transcription factors, and apoptosis. Part V provides multiple assays for measuring production of intracellular and/or extracellular reactive oxygen species, and a method that details use of the cell-free NADPH oxidase assay, an iconic assay for studies of the neutrophil NADPH oxidase. Part VI describes how to analyze formation and function of neutrophil extracellular traps. Neutrophil: Methods and Protocols, Third Edition is a comprehensive source for detailed explanations and applications of the most modern methodological advances in neutrophil biology. Both basic scientists and clinicians will find a collection of this caliber to be an invaluable aid in their work with neutrophils. Features ? Provides neutrophil protocols that are broadly applicable to leukocyte biology ? Includes protocols for isolation of neutrophils from humans and animal species ? Presents an interesting and informative overview of the field of neutrophil biology ? Facilitates a better understanding of the role of neutrophils in host defense Readership Molecular and Cell Biologists, Immunologists, Infectious Disease Specialists, Microbiologists.

Table of Content

The Role of Neutrophils in the Immune System: An Overview
Neutrophil Defects and Diagnosis Disorders of Neutrophil Function: An Overview
Isolation of Human Neutrophils from Venous Blood
Isolation of Neutrophils from Non-Human Species
Isolation of Neutrophils from Larval Zebrafish and their Transplantation into Recipient Larvae for Functional Studies
Analysis of Neutrophil Transmigration through Epithelial Cell Monolayers
Quantification of Chemotaxis or Respiratory Burst using Ex Vivo Culture-Derived Murine Neutrophils
Ex Vivo Human Neutrophil Swarming against Live Microbial Targets
Micro-Injection and Micropipette Controlled Phagocytosis Methods for Neutrophils
Using Imaging Flow Cytometry to Quantify Neutrophil Phagocytosis
Visualization and Quantification of Phagocytosis by Neutrophils
Analysis of Neutrophil Bactericidal Activity
Assessment of Neutrophil Apoptosis
Optical Methods for the Measurement and Manipulation of Cytosolic Calcium Signals in Neutrophils
Labeling Acidic Compartments of Neutrophils with Cresyl Violet
Neutrophil Degranulation of Azurophil and Specific Granules
Influence of Oxygen on Function and Cholesterol Composition of Murine Bone Marrow-Derived Neutrophils
In Vitro Assay for Sensitive Determination of Human Blood PMN Responses
Fast and Accurate Quantitative Analysis of Cytokine Gene Expression in Human Neutrophils by Reverse Transcription Real-Time PCR
Detection of Intact Transcription Factors in Human Neutrophils
Genome-Scale Transcript Analyses of Human Neutrophils
Measurement of Respiratory Burst Products, Released or Retained, During Activation of Professional Phagocytes
Cell-Free NADPH Oxidase Activation Assays: A Triumph of Reductionism
Immunofluorescent Detection of NET Components in Paraffin-Embedded Tissue
Detection, Visualization, and Quantification of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) and NET Markers
Imaging of Neutrophils and Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (Nets) with Intravital (In Vivo) Microscopy.